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How does chlamydial trachomatis lead to infertility

Date:2012-05-04 click:

Chlamydia trachomatis and infertility

 
Diseases that are communicated by sexual activities go by the general name of STDs, which commonly include gonorrhea, syphilis, chlamydia infection, mycoplasma infection, toxoplasma gondii infection, etc. Among those diseases, some can cause fallopian tube obstruction, some can lead to endometritis, uterine muscle wall damage or endocrine dysfunction. What's worse, some disease can even damage vital organs, which is a big threat to life. In addition, miscarriage, premature delivery or stillbirth are also threats for a pregnant woman who has STD.
 
Causes of chlamydia trachomatis
 
Chlamydia trachomatis is one of the primary causes of non-gonococcal infection in the female reproductive tract. Usually transmission through sex is the main mode of infection. Then, indirect infections transmitted through eyes, hands or contaminated clothes or specialty or precision equipment are also normal. Chlamydia trachomatis grows in the infected cells, then it forms various types of inclusion bodies in the cytoplasm, which only invades epithelial cells but not the subcutaneous tissue. Also, female reproductive tract infections are origins of many diseases, such as bartholinitis, cervicitis, salpingitis, endometritis, etc. As a matter of fact, about 75 percent of patients do not feel anything different when chlamydia infection occurs. Therefore it is a disease which can be easily ignored. If the infection spreads, it will even lead to ectopic pregnancy or infertility.   
 
Manifestations of chlamydia trachomatis
 
Clinically, endocervicitis is the most common disease in female reproductive infections. When the neck of uterus is infected, liquid purulent discharge appear. Moreover, cervical congestion, edema, contact bleeding are all the manifestations. However, people can be infected with chlamydia trachomatis without having any symptoms. Ascending infection is able to bring about endometritis, acute salpingitis, acute urethral syndrome ( urinary urgency, urinary frequency, dysuria, sterile urine ) and bartholinitis.  If a pregnant woman has chlamydia trachomatis, her baby can be infected with it through childbirth and it may develop to conjunctivitis and chlamydial pneumonia. It has been reported that twenty five percents of infertility patients are diagnosed with positive chlamydia trachomatis. Specially, when chlamydia trachomatis causes cervical infection, which stops sperm moving up. In addition, it can lead to inflammation, adhesion and obstruction of the reproductive cavity, which indirectly give rise to infertility. In a word, patients and doctor should attach importance to chlamydia trachomatis.   
 
Diagnosis of chlamydia trachomatis
 
According to the history, with the help of reference of gynecologial examination and accessory examination, the disease is not difficult to be made diagnosis. 
1. Cytologic examination 
A. Use Giemsa to check inclusion body, though it is easy and quick, the positive rate is not high
B. Tissue culture, which is a complicate method, takes a long time and costs much.
2. Immunologic test
A. Enzyme linked immunosorbent assay.
B. Monoclonal antibody immunofluorescence.
 
Treatment of chlamydia trachomatis
Tough medication of chlamydia trachomatis is not a thorny issue, how to cure the long-term uncured chlamydia trachomatis is still a problem that troubles many people. Antibiotic is the first choice to treat the disease, however, a large number of patients still confront with the more serious condition. Why does that always happen? We have mentioned thousands of times that drug resistance is a common matter in western medicine. But things are different in traditional Chinese medical science. Dr.Lee introduces a new medication--Diuretic and Anti-inflammatory Pill. It is a pure traditional Chinese medicine which will not bing any side-effect. The fundamental principle of the treatment is holistic therapy, by eliminating bacteria and regulate body-internal-circulation, patients are able to recover with three to four months.

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