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What are the treatment options for acute epididymitis?

Date:2013-03-05 click:

Epididymis is a long and twisted tube, located above and behind each testicle. It collects and stores sperm before ejaculation made by the testicles. Inflammation and infection of the epididymis is called epididymitis. There are several treatment options for acute epididymitis.

 
1. General Measures. Bed rest is recommended when the disease is in the acute phase. Support for testicle that is enlarged partially relives the discomfort. Local injection of anesthetics like xiline in the spermatic cord may produce relief of pain and discomfort. Oral analgesics and antipyretics (fever drugs) are recommended. An ice pack used in the early stages helps prevent excessive swelling. Sexual activity or physical strain may exacerbate the infection, and worsen the symtpoms, therefore they should be avoided.
 
2. Specific Measures. Sexually transmitted acute epididymitis occurs mainly in young adults in association with urethritis, without underlying genitourinary disease or abnormalities. For treatment, doxycycline is recommended. Alternative treatment for gonococcal urethritis and epididymitis is ciprofloxacin or a third generation cephalosporin (antibiotics). Non-sexually transmitted acute epididymitis can be treated with trimethoprim- sulfomethoxazole. The patients should be evaluated for undelying genitourinary tract disease.
 
Herbal medicine. Herbal medicine named Diuretic and Anti-inflammatory Pill can treat acute epididymitis effectively. In Diuretic and Anti-inflammatory Pill, materials such as polygonum aviculare, dianthus superbus, talc and plantago can clear heat and promot diuresis. Houttuynia can clear toxic materials. Safflower is able to promote blood circulation. There are also various pure herbs which can help patients improve physical conditioning in the meidicine. 
 
In addition, compared with western medicines, traditional Chinese medicine can keep a long-lasting effect, has no side effect and drug resistance. In general, suffers can recover within three months. 

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