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What Is Asthenozoospermia?

Date:2016-12-30 click:
Athenozoospermia, also known as azoospermia and low sperm motility, is characterized by the reduced ability of sperm to move ahead. In general, sperm is distinguished by its progressive and non-progressive motility or altogether immotility. When sperm has low motility or is immotile, it can have negative impact on male fertility. Athenozoospermia is the most common type of low sperm quality. It usually accompanied with seminal abnormality. Research showed that athenozoospermia comprise about 30% of male infertility.  


Common causes of athenozoospermia  
1.Bacterial infections.  
It’s usually caused by frequent masturbation. The causative bacteria enter the urethral meatus and then spread to the reproductive system such as epididymis, seminal vesicle, and prostate. The infections of these organs will cause variation in seminal plasm, thus, its Ph value, oxygen, nutrition and metabolism will be unsuitable for sperm to move and live.  
It’s commonly caused by long-term sitting. Males with this disease will lead to hypoxia of partial testicle which is the result of venous blood backflow obstacles, and the increase of prostaglandin and 5-hydroxytryptamine in venous blood. Thus, the sperm motility will be reduced.  
3.Deficiency of microelements.  
Microelements play very important role in keeping the vitality of sperm, especially zinc. Males with low zinc intake will have risk of athenozoospermia.    
4.Mycoplasma infection
Mycoplasma infection is a kind of STD. Once infected, the mycoplasma will stick to sperm tail and affect sperm motility.  
5.Obstacle of testicular spermatogenic function. 
It may be caused by infection of mumps and accompanied with orchitis. If the testicular spermatogenic epithelium is incomplete, the quality and motility of sperm will be reduced.  
6.Unhealthy lifestyles. 
Studies indicate that males who are drinking and smoking too much have increased risk of athenozoospermia. Because nicotine and alcohol can change the environment of semen which result in the low sperm motility. 
7.Anti-sperm antibody. 
The cause of anti-sperm antibody hasn’t been found out completely. It can induce the self-defence of sperm which will cause their own immune system to produce antibodies, then sperm will be difficult to live.  
Symptoms of athenozoospermia  

1.Quality change of prostate fluid. 
Prostate fluid provides nutrients to sperm. If the substances, which can enhance the sperm vitality, is reduced or destroyed, the sperm motility will be decreased greatly.   
2.Increased semen quantity.
Chronic prostatitis is one of the causes of athenozoospermia. In the early stage of chronic prostatitis, the secretion of prostate fluid will increase, thus, the quantity of sperm is increased as well. As the semen is diluted, the number of sperm in per milliliter semen will reduce. Therefore, the chance of conception is decreased. 
3. Abnormal sperm liquefaction.
Males with athenozoospermia will have non-liquefied semen or high viscosity semen, which will affect the movement of sperm.  
The effect of athenozoospermia  
Males with severe athenozoospermia will directly lead to infertility, even though female is pregnant, the quality of oosperm will be reduced, which will cause stillbirth, miscarriage and so on. Therefore, male patients need to find out the athenozoospermia causes before choose a medication treatment. For instance, athenozoospermia caused by reproductive system diseases like prostatitis, orchitis, epididymitis, seminal vesiculitis can be cured by traditional Chinese medicine named Diuretic and Anti-inflammatory Pill. A timely and proper treatment is very important. Otherwise, it will increase the risk of infertility.    

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