How to Check for Orchitis? How Much do You Know?

Date:2021-08-20 click:0
In recent years, due to the increasing pressure of life and work, orchitis is rising. If orchitis is not diagnosed and treated in time, it can decline male sexual function or even a complete loss of sexual function. In addition, it can also lead to the death of sperm, weakness, and loss of fertility, so if men get sick, they must actively treat the diseases.
Orchitis is more prevalent in middle-aged and young adults. Acute orchitis is caused mainly by inflammation of adjacent organs that spreads along the vas deferens to the epididymis. Generally, antibiotics with immediate effects are used for treatment, and the treatment effect is more pronounced. Transurethral instrument operation, frequent urinary catheterization, and indwelling urinary catheter after prostatectomy can easily cause orchitis and acute testicles. Incomplete treatment of inflammation can turn into chronic orchitis.
If the condition is delayed or the incomplete treatment of acute orchitis resulted in chronic orchitis, men can choose medication, such as herbal medicine Diuretic and Anti-inflammatory Pill. Diuretic and Anti-inflammatory Pill has the effects of anti-inflammatory and sterilizing, diuretic and drenching, clearing away heat, and detoxification. It can reach the lesion directly and treat urinary system diseases.

How to diagnose orchitis?
Generally speaking, the diagnosis of orchitis includes the following methods:
1. Laboratory examination: 
Peripheral blood leukocytes can reach (2-3)×109/L. Urethral secretions can be checked by staining or non-staining. Urinalysis is also an essential test for orchitis. Tumor markers, human chorionic gonadotropin (HCG, standard value ≤ five micrograms/liter), and alpha-fetoprotein (AFP standard value ≤ 25 micrograms/liter) examinations exceed standard values and should be further examined.
2. Ultrasonic examination: 
It can show the swelling and inflammation range of the epididymis and testis. It can more accurately determine the size, shape, and tumor occurrence of the testis. All patients with cryptorchidism can understand the development of the testis and whether it is swollen or malignant.
3. Magnetic resonance examination: 
Orchitis is diffuse or focal, and the epididymal signal on the T2-weighted image can be the same as or higher than the testicular signal.
Orchitis is very harmful to males. Males should arouse great attention, and preventive work should be done as early as possible because the body is the capital of the revolution.

What are the ways of infection of orchitis?
1. Retrograde infection.
Urethritis, cystitis, prostatitis, seminal vesiculitis, etc., without timely treatment, pathogenic bacteria can enter the epididymis retrogradely through the vas deferens and cause infection. In operating instruments in the urethra and long-term indwelling catheters, the bacteria can also be transferred to the epididymis through the seminal tract. After prostatectomy, infection of the exposed prostatic fossa can also spread to the epididymis and testis.
2. Blood infection.
The lesions far from the epididymis can pass the pathogenic microorganisms to the epididymis through the blood supply, causing epididymitis.
3. Lymphatic spread.
The lesions can spread through the lymphatic system, such as the prostate, bladder, urethra, seminal vesicle glands, and other diseases. Pathogenic bacteria can often spread to the epididymis through the spermatic lymphatic route, leading to orchitis when the urethral mucosa is damaged.

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