Can Tamsulosin Treat Prostatitis?

Date:2023-11-13 click:0

Prostatitis is one of the most common diseases in adult men, and the main symptoms of this disease are urinary abnormalities such as frequent urination, urinary urgency, painful urination, and pain and discomfort in the perineum, inner thighs, and lumbosacral area. At present, there are many drugs used to treat prostatitis. 


So, can Tamsulosin treat prostatitis?

Tamsulosin is a drug for the treatment of abnormal urination due to prostate enlargement, mainly alpha receptor adrenergic blocker, which is used for the treatment of benign prostatic hyperplasia and is a highly selective adrenergic alpha receptor blocker. The main purpose of it is to improve the smooth muscle tolerance, thus improving the abnormal urination. 

To be precise, Tamsulosin is a selective alpha-receptor blocker. Alpha receptors are widely distributed in the urethra, bladder neck, and prostatic part, primarily enhancing their muscle contractile ability. It is mainly used to treat benign prostatic hyperplasia in older adults.

However, Tamsulosin can also be used to treat prostatitis. Patients with prostatitis often experience urinary discomfort such as frequent urination, urinary urgency, painful urination, and urinary dribbling, and Tamsulosin can effectively relieve these symptoms. 

The alpha receptors found in the urethra, neck of the bladder, and the prostate are primarily alpha-1A receptors. Tamsulosin can effectively block these alpha-1A adrenergic receptors. Hence, it has a highly selective blocking effect on the smooth muscles of the urethra, bladder neck, and prostate. By blocking the adrenergic receptors, it reduces tension and spasms in the bladder neck, allowing urine to flow out more smoothly.

In addition, Tamsulosin improves patients' quality of life with prostatitis by reducing bladder overactivity and decreasing the urgency and frequency of urination.

Yet, patients with prostatitis can not be treated with Tamsulosin to reach a cure. 

First, during treatment, Tamsulosin may cause adverse effects such as dizziness or upright hypotension, and it is generally recommended for patients to take it at bedtime. Studies have also shown alpha-blockers may be more effective in patients with untreated or newly diagnosed prostatitis than in chronic or refractory patients. 

Secondly, the use of Tamsulosin alone cannot cure patients with prostatitis. The cause of prostatitis is more complex and is related to various factors such as infection, neurological, psychological, and muscular factors. Tamsulosin mainly relieves the symptoms of urinary discomfort and cannot completely eliminate the cause of the disease.

Therefore, patients usually need to be treated with a combination of other medications in addition to Tamsulosin. For example, antibiotics may be used to treat bacterial prostatitis to eliminate the source of infection. Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs can reduce the pain and discomfort caused by inflammation. 

In addition, for chronic non-bacterial prostatitis or chronic pelvic floor pain syndrome, it would be more effective to choose traditional Chinese medicine to regulate the condition. Commonly used traditional Chinese medicines include Diuretic and Anti-inflammatory Pill, which can eliminate the inflammation from the root cause and restore the normal function of the prostate.

In addition to medication, prostatitis treatments can include these:

1. Hot Compresses: Hot compresses can relieve inflammation and spasms in the prostate area, soothing pain and discomfort. Patients can use hot water bags or hot wet towels to apply localized hot compresses for about 15-20 minutes several times daily.

2. Pelvic Floor Muscle Rehabilitation: Dysfunction of the pelvic floor muscles is associated with prostatitis, and pelvic floor rehabilitation can help improve muscle tone and coordination and reduce symptoms. This includes relaxation and contraction exercises for the pelvic floor muscles, which can be performed under the guidance of a professional physiotherapist.

3. Lifestyle Adjustments: Some lifestyle changes can play a positive role in the treatment and prevention of prostatitis, including avoiding sedentary behavior and prolonged riding, quitting smoking and drinking, drinking more water, and eating less spicy and stimulating foods.

In conclusion, Tamsulosin can relieve the symptoms of urinary discomfort associated with prostatitis to some extent. But for prostatitis, a comprehensive treatment is more effective. Therefore, patients should not blindly use medication but should seek medical advice as soon as possible and take appropriate treatment measures under the guidance of doctors.

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Diuretic and Anti-inflammatory Pill Successfully Treats Non-Bacterial Prostatitis and Epididymitis Cases