Orchitis Is More Than Just Inflamed Testicles

Date:2023-10-25 click:0

The testicle is an essential male reproductive organ with the role of producing sperm and secreting androgens. They are located in the male scrotum on both sides, one on each side. Since males enter puberty, with the release of hypothalamic gonadotropins, they gradually begin to develop and mature, and the testicles gradually become larger in size and mature in function.


Orchitis is an inflammatory lesion of the testicles caused by a variety of pathogenic factors, and its most obvious feature is inflammation of the testicles. As the onset of testicular inflammation is relatively acute, it will show symptoms such as testicular pain, congestion of the surrounding tissues, and enlargement, which will affect normal work and life if the pain is more intense. 

But inflammed testicular is not the only symptom of this disease; besides it, what are the other symptoms of testicular inflammation?

1. High Fever

When having orchitis, the patient may experience a fever in the body for a short period.

2. Chill

Chill is one of the most common symptoms of orchitis and is often accompanied by a fever when the patient has the disease.

3. Redness and Swelling of the Scrotal Skin

Redness and swelling of the scrotal skin are some of the most apparent symptoms of orchitis related to a viral infection.

4. Enlarged Lymph Nodes

When inflammation occurs in the body, lymphocytes need to play an immune function; at this time, the superficial lymph nodes are enlarged. When the external lymph nodes are found to be enlarged, coupled with certain abnormal symptoms in the testicles, the patient should consult a doctor promptly.

All these features will have a serious impact on the normal life of patients. If not treated in time and delayed, it will lead to a more intense inflammatory reaction and may also be converted into chronic orchitis, resulting in gradual atrophy of the testicles, decline in testicular function, and necrosis of the tissues, thus affecting the quality of sexual life. Therefore, patients should actively treat this disease once it has changed.

There are two common types of orchitis: non-specific and mumps. Any septic sepsis can complicate acute suppurative orchitis and even cause testicular abscess, and the disease-causing organisms are mostly Escherichia coli, streptococcus, staphylococcus, and Pseudomonas aeruginosa.

The following is a description of the treatment of orchitis.

1. Western Medical Therapy: Some patients with acute orchitis can use systemic anti-infective drugs for treatment; the effect is more pronounced. Commonly used antibiotic drugs are cephalosporin cephalosporins; they can also choose intravenous penicillin.

2. Traditional Chinese Medicine Therapy: For chronic orchitis with long duration and recurrent episodes, the Diuretic and Anti-inflammatory Pill can be taken to eliminate inflammation, relieve pain, and improve the environment of the genitourinary system.

3. General treatment: the main method is bed rest; the patient can hot compress the affected area every night and elevate the scrotum as physical therapy.

4. Surgical treatment: Usually for patients with more severe conditions. Some patients do not achieve good treatment results during inflammation, even through antibiotic therapy. Some patients with severe conditions also experience testicular atrophy, in which case the destruction of the testicles is more serious, and they must consider applying surgery to remove the affected testicle to prevent the triggering of other lesions.

In conclusion, there are many symptoms of orchitis; if you feel abnormal testicles, obvious pain, or inflammation, you should seek medical attention and actively receive treatment. At the same time, men should pay attention to improving hygiene habits, adjusting work and rest, controlling sex life, and doing regular checkups to promote the recovery of the disease.

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