Frequent Sauna in Winter, Beware of Necrozoospermia

Date:2023-02-23 click:0

Sauna is a popular activity for men. Especially in winter, the warm sauna makes people feel happy. But also be careful; frequent saunas in winter are prone to necrozoospermia.


If men steam occasionally, there is generally no noticeable effect on sperm. But if long-term and frequent sauna, it may cause sperm quality decline, suffer from necrospermia, and even cause male infertility.

In general, sperm is sensitive to temperature. And during sauna, the indoor temperature will generally be about 50℃. In this case, it is easy to cause the temperature of the male scrotum to increase relatively, which will also cause the temperature of the sperm to rise. Because this temperature has exceeded the temperature that sperm can tolerate, it is easy to cause damage to sperm, so the probability of deformity increases.

If a man takes saunas occasionally, the temperature of his sperm will rise, but it will not cause significant damage to his sperm because the time of heat damage is short and the frequency is less. However, if the male takes frequent saunas, resulting in long-term sperm affected by high temperature, it is easy to lead to male sperm deformity and even necrospermia.

In addition, staying up late is a common bad living habit, which can induce necrospermia.

Staying up late can lead to abnormal semen and cause male infertility, which is very common. Often staying up late can lead to abnormal semen in men, which can cause severe damage to male fertility. It is also common for men to stay up late because of work demands. Males should pay attention to the coordination of their own life and work to reduce the time and times of staying up late and as much as possible. 

Why staying up late can cause abnormal semen and infertility? Research shows that people who stay up late are 28 percent more likely to develop chronic diseases and suffer organ damage than those who smoke or drink. If men often stay up late and are sleep deprived for a long time, the biological clock will be disrupted, leading to endocrine imbalance, immunity decline, sexual function and spermatogenesis function decline, which is bound to affect male sperm activity and number. Severe cases may suffer from necrospermia, resulting in infertility.

So how to treat necrospermia?


Clinically, general, drug, surgical, and other methods are usually adopted to treat necrospermia. If necessary, artificial assisted reproductive technology is feasible to assist pregnancy. 


1. General treatment. 

Avoid the factors that affect testis spermatogenesis in daily life, such as quitting smoking, limiting alcohol, and avoiding saunas.


2. Medication. 

Anti-infective drugs: Doctors will choose effective anti-infective drugs for patients with reproductive tract infections for treatment according to etiology and drug sensitivity tests. For example, people infected with mycoplasma or chlamydia can choose minocycline, tetracycline, azithromycin, etc., and people infected with gonococcus can choose ceftriaxone sodium. 


Antioxidant drugs: Current studies generally believe that antioxidant drugs can reduce oxidative stress damage and improve semen quality, improving male fertility. Commonly used medications include vitamins E, and C, lipoic acid, glutathione, coenzyme Q10, and acetylcysteine. 


Drugs to improve cell energy metabolism: This class of drugs can improve sperm energy metabolism and enhance sperm motility. Commonly used drugs include L-carnitine, coenzyme Q10, and hexonetheobromine. 


Traditional Chinese medicine(TCM): TCM, in the treatment of necrospermia, has a very big advantage. It is recommended to use Diuretic And Anti-inflammatory Pill, which can help male patients regulate the body, enhance immunity, and resist disease.


3. Surgical treatment. 

Spermatic vein ligation: For patients with spermatic varicocele of necrospermia, because varicocele will affect the spermatogenic function of the testis for a long time and affect semen quality, it is recommended to use surgical treatment. 

Transurethral Resection of the Ejaculatory Ducts(TURED): For patients with incomplete ductus ejaculator obstruction, TURED is feasible to relieve the obstruction and improve semen quality.


4. Artificial assisted reproductive technology. 

For infertile patients caused by necrospermia with poor treatment effect, artificial assisted reproductive technology, including artificial insemination, in vitro fertilization, and embryo transfer, can be adopted according to the quantity and quality of the man's semen. 


Finally, I want to remind the majority of males to refrain from saunas in winter, avoid staying up late in daily life, and develop good living habits and eating habits to prevent the occurrence of necrospermia.


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